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【转载】看书速度最快,吸收知识越多的秘诀  

2014-09-26 16:20:39|  分类: 语言学习 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Secrets To Reading Faster And Absorbing Information Better


1.Read the conclusion first.

首先阅读结论部分

A lot of authors like to speak in an arcane manner initially,throwing out longwinded, incomprehensible phrases for the first several pages of their book. Go to the end of the book first, and find the conclusion. Any writer worth their salt will provide the reader with a neat little summation of their argument and a quick review of the examples they used there.

许多作者都喜欢让文章显得比较神秘,在书的前几页都会用一些很专业的、难以理解的术语。所以可以先看书的结尾部分,找到最后的结论。任何一个专业的作家都会在结尾部分总结一下自己的观点,以及他们所用过的例证。

2.Use a highlighter.

划出重点

The truth is that highlighting can be a great tool – if used correctly. You shouldn’t use it on everything, and you shouldn’t use it once every fifty pages. Instead, you’ll want to focus your efforts on highlighting the author’s summary statements. They’ll often ramble on and on about one point for several pages, and provide at the end a neat little bow tie shaped paragraph that definitively states the point they were trying to get across. Highlight this, and when you go back to skim the book, you’ll have everything you need to know ready at a glance. I can’t tell you how many times this helped me when going back to review a book for a test.

划重点是一个非常有用的工具---如果能合理运用的话。你不必什么都划,也不是说每隔15页才划一次。你应该想着突出作者的观点。通常来说,就一个重点他们就得用上好几页来陈述,在最后才会用一小段来提出自己的观点。可以划出这部分内容,当你回过头来复习的时候,你需要的这些信息都是显而易见的。在我考试复习的时候这些画出来的重点帮过我的次数我已经记不清了。

3.Use the table of contents and subheadings.

利用书的目录和副标题

It often surprises people, often college-aged kids, when they hear that most scholars often don’t read books in their entirety. Instead, what they usually do is check out the table of contents, and read the chapters that interest them or are relevant to their work. This makes reading less of a chore, since you’re only reading what you want to read. You’ll still get the gist of the author’s overall point as well, since they’ll usually restate it in some way inevery section of the book.

一般来说上大学的孩子们要是听到不用看书的话肯定会觉得很惊讶,他们通常做的就是看目录,看看每章感兴趣的部分,或是看看那些与自己所需内容相关的部分。这样就可以少做些阅读了,因为你只看你想要看的部分。但你还是能掌握到重点的,因为作者还会在书的某些地方重申这些重点。

4.Don’t try to read every word.

不要试着一个字一个字的看

The truth of the matter is that most nonfiction books are formatted in a way. The author only has so much to say, the most significant of which can be found in the conclusion. Most books are filled with evidence rather than profound points, which is good for you since, while evidence is interesting, it’s all proving the same thesis. Therefore, don’t be bogged down reading endless streams of evidence that prove the author’s argument, find a few that interest you and move onto the next chapter.

实际上,大部分的非情节类书籍都有一类固定的格式,作者只能按这样的格式来表述,重要的观点在结论部分都能找到。许多书大部分的内容都是内容而非重要的观念,因为这样便于理解,例子能引起人的兴趣,也能论证文中的观点。因此,不要不断地去看作者给出的例证,找到你感兴趣的那部分内容,然后跳到下一个章节。

【大耳朵原创文章,转载请注明出处】

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